One is said to have become anaemic when there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells (RBC) in the blood and it goes below the normal count. Anaemia is also caused when the blood’s capacity of carrying haemoglobin decreases. There are several types of anaemia. Not all types of anaemia have hair loss as a symptom. Only a few types of anaemia, that too in the chronic stage, will cause Telogen Effluvium or hair loss due to iron deficiency.
The chief symptoms of anaemia are dizziness, shortness of breath, paleness of skin, weakness, headaches, etc. When the condition deteriorates further, symptoms like dry hair, pale hair color and hair loss are seen. The reason for hair loss is simple. Oxygen is the main ingredient that helps the cells live, function and reproduce. When the quantity of oxygen reaching each cell gets reduced, normal cell functions get disrupted. The cells supporting the follicles of hair also become weak and subsequently the hair falls off.
One type of anaemia that causes hair loss is Iron Deficiency Anaemia. As the name implies, insufficient amount of iron in the body is the cause of this type of anaemia. It is a common knowledge that iron is the oxygen-carrying element in haemoglobin of our blood. With a deficiency of iron, the amount of oxygen reaching the cells will decrease and the symptoms of anaemia will gradually show in the individual.
The second type of anaemia that leads to hair fall is Copper Deficiency Anaemia. Copper in small amount is needed for the proper functioning of many organs in our body. Decreased quantity of copper in the blood causes discoloration of hair. Absorption of iron into haemoglobin also gets blocked due to insufficient amount of copper in blood. Eventually, all this leads to hair loss.
Pernicious Anaemia also leads to abnormal hair loss. Anaemia caused by the lack of Vitamin B12 or Cyanocobalamine is called Pernicious Anaemia. It is seen mostly in people above the age of 40.
Similar to neem oil for healthy hair, All these types of anemia can be effectively treated by consuming nutritious food, especially food that is rich in iron content. Meat, fish, legumes and fresh green leafy vegetables are great suppliers of iron. It is better to include fruits like gooseberry, guava, orange, etc. that contain high level of Vitamin C, to help your body in iron absorption.
If possible, reduce the intake of tea, fibers and dairy products. Tea has ingredients that prevent iron assimilation. Fibres in vegetables and cereals bind with iron blocking its entry into blood. Excessive amount of dairy products is also not advisable. The calcium in milk products interfere with iron and serve as iron inhibitors. Avoid alcohol and drugs too, if you want good, healthy and shiny hair.
Hair loss due to mineral (Iron, Copper, etc.) and vitamin deficiency is found in both men and women. But the number is higher among women because of factors like blood loss due to menstruation and dieting practiced by them. Pregnancy also plays a part in causing this problem for women.
There are iron tablets and vitamin tablets available in market. But, never use them without a doctor’s advice. Eat healthy and nutritious food to prevent hair loss due to iron deficiency.